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GMAT阅读类比题解题策略分享

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滴答网讯     GMAT阅读类比题介绍

类比题测试你区分作者所阐述的情形或观点和与之相应的情形或观点之间的关系的能力。类比题可能要求你找出一个假设的情形,这个情形与文中阐述的情形相似,相对应或者可比较;或者要求你把文中阐述的观点适用于一个作者没有提到过的情形;或者要求你根据文中的阐述识别作者可能赞成或者反对的观点。

GMAT阅读类比题解题方法介绍

与推断题不同,类比题使用的是文中没有的观点或情形。题中的观点或情形类似于并且对应于文中提到的观点或情形。因此,要回答这类问题,你要做的不能仅限于回忆你所读到的。你必须深刻认识到文中表述的观点或情形的实质属性,这样当它们以不同的词语的形式出现在完全陌生的环境中时你就可以迅速把它们识别出来。

这种题型不是很常见。通常说来,它出现的方式是,以下哪个选项的描述与原文的叙述相似。碰到这种题的时候,不要贸然看选项,而要先注意题干的提炼。也就是原文的事例到底是怎样一种情况。请注意阅读中的类比和GRE词汇中的类比区别在于:它只是一种大致含义的相似,而不是精细的词义对仗。所以,它比后者容易。

GMAT阅读类比题实例讲解

例:Traditionally, the first firm to commercialize anew technology has benefited from the unique opportunity to shape productdefinitions, forcing followers to adapt to a standard or invest in an unprovenalternative. Today, however, the largest payoffs may go to companies that leadin developing integrated approaches for successful mass production anddistribution. Producers of the Beta format for videocassette recorders(VCR’s),for example, were first to develop the VCR commercially in 1975, but producersof the rival VHS (Video Home System) format proved to be more successful at formingstrategic alliances with other producers and distributors to manufacture andmarket their VCR format Seeking to maintain exclusive control over VCRdistribution. Beta producers were reluctant to form such alliances andeventually lost ground to VHS in the competition for the global VCR market. DespiteBeta’s substantial technological head start and the fact that VHS was neithertechnically better nor cheaper than Beta, developers of VHS quickly turned aslight early lead in sales into a dominant position. Strategic alignments withproducers of prerecorded tapes reinforced the VHS advantage. The perceptionamong consumers that prerecorded tapes were more available in VHS formatfurther expanded VHS’s share of the market. By the end of the 1980’s. Beta wasno longer in production.

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