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2011 GRE新填空样题解答(1)

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Text Completion Questions 段落完成问题(段落完型填空)

Text Completion questions include a passage composed of one to five sentences with one to three blanks. There are three answer choices per blank, or five answer choices if there is a single blank. There is a single correct answer, consisting of one choice for each blank. The examinee receives no credit for partially correct answers.

段落完型部分包括一个段落含有1至 5个句子,每个句子有1至3个空格。每个空格(空格数量在两个以上)有3个备选答案,而对于只有一个空格者则有5个备选答案。每空只有一个正确答案。考生只有将所有答案做对该题才得分,即:空格在两个以上者不分开计分。

Sample Text Completion Questions 段落完型样题

Directions: For each blank select one entry from the corresponding column of choices. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text.

答题指令:请在每个空格相应的栏目中选取能最好完善短文的备选答案。

1. It is refreshing to read a book about our planet by an author who does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics: well aware of the political disputes about the effects of human activities on climate and biodiversity, this author does not permit them to (2)__________ his comprehensive description of what we know about our biosphere. He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (3)__________, calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood before we can accurately diagnose the condition of our planet.

Answer: overshadowed, obscure, and superficiality of our theories

第一空线索:

读某本书能带来refreshing效果,则表明这本书作者写作的效果就是有让我们refreshing的效果或者预期。所以,他“does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics”不会让政治“politics”对这本书作什么作用呢?当然是不会让政治使其破坏这本书“refreshing”的特点。则,第一空从正负就可以将illuminated排除。具体选择“overshadowed”“invalidated”还要参看第二空。

第二空线索:

第二空线索说作者不允许them怎样。往前寻找them 指代,很容易发现:them就是politics。这样一来,马上可以看到这样的重复:

an author who does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics

= this author does not permit them to (2)__________

都是说作者不允许政治对书做怎样的动作。则两空是同义重复。又由于第一空推出动作是负面的。故两空都是负面的。则第二空是obscure, 而第一空也就只能是overshadow。

第三空线索:

实际上是三个并列重复,同时和一个分词构成手段和目的重复。

He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (3)__________, calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood

即:

the enormous gaps in our knowledge,

=the sparseness of our observations,

=(and) the (3)__________,

=calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood

可以推断空格应该填写一个负面评价。

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