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出国后,你学到哪些之前不知道的英语表达?

滴答网 http://www.tigtag.com/  2016-06-24  知乎|安时  我要评论(0)  阅读0
滴答网讯  英语是国际语言,但各地还是有很多不同的表达,不是生活在那儿,没法快速准确的理解。其实不光是地域差异,行业差异也非常巨大。能说说那些之前不知道或者让你记忆深刻的表达吗?

  我觉得在国外学习和生活带给我影响比较大的是一种“避险”Hedge (linguistics)的说话方式,以至影响了我中文的说话习惯。从事学术研究的知友可能很熟悉这一说法「什么是「坏」语言? - 拾荒少女的回答」,不过避险不仅适用于academia,也广泛用于日常交流。接下来,我们用先归纳后分析的方法来跟大家讲一讲这一种语用现象:Hedging.
 
  「模拟拾荒少女的一天」
 
  #1. 家里
 
  拾荒:早啊。这是毕业典礼的guest ticket,谢谢你肯去帮我拍照。
 
  室友:没事,我也想去凑凑热闹。中午吃过饭去来得及吗?
 
  拾荒:哦,我不知道你说的中午具体是几点,不过以你平时吃饭的点儿来看,我觉得会有点赶。
 
  室友:这样,我平时12点睡醒了就去吃饭(室友是码农)。你觉得最迟几点来得及?
 
  拾荒:哎呀又要打搅你昼伏夜出的生活了。典礼下午一点开始,但提前四十五分钟就开始进场,典礼前十五分钟已经不允许进场了。我们能不能十一点半出发?
 
  室友:也好,或许我们可以一起吃个早午饭什么的?
 
  拾荒:没问题!再次谢谢啦。
 
  #2. Dinner
 
  侍应生:Hi, What can I get you?
 
  拾荒: Hi, Can I have the house salad and Thai Chili Soup?
 
  侍应生:Take away or…
 
  拾荒:Take away, thanks. Oh, I'm sorry to ask, but can you give me 5 ?1 coins for the change?
 
  侍应生:Yeah, sure. You can wait at the table, I'll bring it to you.
 
  拾荒:Thanks.
 
  #3. Hallway
 
  Daniel:You are early, didn't expect to see you on graduation day.
 
  拾荒:Hi, Daniel. I'm here to see Antonella. But she isn't in here office, so…
 
  Daneil:I guess you didn't make an appointment?
 
  拾荒:Oh well, I assume she would be here, it's Wednesday.
 
  Daniel:I'm not sure if it helps, but I was told the developmental lab are attending the seminar today.
 
  拾荒:The amnesia one? Yeah I also got that email. When does it end, maybe around half ten?
 
  Daniel:That's right. How's the proposal thing going?
 
  拾荒:Not bad I think, I'm here to discuss the draft with Antonella.
 
  Daniel:Good luck then, gotta run.
 
  拾荒:Fingers crossed! I'll see you around.
 
  #4. Administration Office
 
  拾荒:Hi Katie, I'm wondering when and where the Amnesia Seminar is taking place?
 
  Katie:Let me check (typing…) if you mean the one held by our Developmental Lab, it began half hour ago at the ground floor conference room in 7 George Square, and it will end at 11:30.
 
  拾荒:Thanks a lot!
 
  Katie:Anytime.
 

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