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托福机考词汇[2002年12月]

滴答网 http://www.tigtag.com/  2010-11-04  寄托天下  我要评论(0)  阅读0

annually=yearly
apart from=except/instead mine: except
alarming ?? upsetting
AMENITY=FACILITY(amenity: n.宜人, 礼仪) answer: facilities
aptly = appropriately
array=range (array n.排列, 编队, 军队, 衣服, 大批 vt.部署, 穿着, 排列)
ascribed to——assumed to be true of ??? (ascribe to归功于; 认为是...的作品)
answer: assumed to be true of
attachment to —preference for (attachment:附属物,附加装置;附件;依恋,爱慕,情感一种情结)
attest give evidence to
attendant—— accompanying
achieve-subject (文中选)
adverse,我选negative (Adverse adj.不利的, 敌对的, 相反的)
antecedent --predecessor
appeal——attraction
aptly = appropriately
atmosphere = air
a matter of speculation (思索,推测,投机)= supposition (speculation的同义词)
选项authority词根的词
added=extra( 答案还有continuing)
anchor=hold in a place
abstract = concrete 文中找反意(抽象的---具体的)
Advance = improvement
accomplished = achieved
Admit (permit to enter) =let in
Adjusted = modificated (adjusted adj.调整过的 )
Annually = yearly
avenue (大路,手段方法) = means
advent--introduce(不确定)(advent n.(尤指不寻常的人或事)出现, 到来)
a matter of speculation——supposition(speculation的同义词)
adjusted--modificated
advance—improvement
accumulate=collect 原文的句子是the diamonds accumulate in the 沉?岩
appeal——attraction
attachment to ——preference for
array=range n.排列, 编队, 军队, 衣服, 大批 vt.部署, 穿着, 排列
attendant—— accompanying (attendant adj.出席的, 在场的,随行的,伴随的, 附随的)
ascribed to——assumed to be true of (ascribe to归功于; 认为是...的作品)
afford——provide/purchase/originate/require
available——obtainable
Admit=let in (admit : permit to enter)
apparent——obvious
alert

busting= active(not sure) bustling???
break up-----increasing rapidly,
biting ==Sharp
beckon= invite
beckoning=inviting (beckoning引诱人的, 令人心动的)
beckoning=inviting
Breed = reproduce (breed v.(使)繁殖, 教养, 抚养n.品种, 种类 )
beckoning=inviting
breed—reproduce (breed v.(使)繁殖, 教养, 抚养n.品种, 种类)
budding== by-product的意思,budding (adj.萌芽的, 发育的, 少壮的n.发芽)找有unexpected词的句子
brilliant——bright
barriers (barrier n.(阻碍通道的)障碍物, 栅栏, 屏障)
boost ——raise (To increase; raise:增加;拔高)
boom——expansion (boom:使迅速发展boost,成长,繁荣,暴涨,发隆隆声)
beneficial——advantageous

considerable ,
CAPITAL-指钱
ceding
cognize
还有一个什么是对应continued existence的,忘了,但是答案就是这个。
continual-constant
coveted == desired
constituent——component (constituent n.选举者, 委托人, 要素adj.有选举权的, 组成的)
Constant ---- stable
Converge 汇合
constant = stable
Constant ---- stable
counter of = in the opposition of
constant = stable
counter of = in the opposition of
continual = constant
consistently= regularly
Critical = significant
critical ——important
critical ——essential
chisel==carve
counter of——in the opposite of
constantly -----regularly(i guess)
classic——typical
close——careful (其他选项为 final/instant/restricted) n. 结束
couple——associate (couple n.(一)对, (一)双, 夫妇vt.连合, 连接, 结合vi.结合, 结婚)
commemorate——celebrate
correspondence == harmonies一致
confine——limit (confine vt.限制, 禁闭n.界限, 边界)
camouflage——hide
constituent——component
counterpart ——version (counterpart n.副本, 极相似的人或物, 配对; version n.译文, 译本, 翻译)
consequently——therefore / thus
convert——transform

disintegrated
detriment----harmful,
densely-- thickly
deposit---place
delineate = trace (delineate vt.描...的外形, 画...的轮廓, 勾画;?述, 描写)
(trace n.痕迹, 踪迹, 微量, 迹线, 缰绳vt.描绘, 映描, 画轮廓, 追踪, 回溯, 探索vi.上溯, 沿路走)
demise--decline
(demise n.死亡, 君权的转移或授与, 让位, 禅让vt.让渡, 遗赠, 转;
decline vi.下倾, 下降, 下垂v.拒绝, 衰落n.下倾, 下降, 下垂, 斜面, 斜坡, 衰败, 衰落)
delusion-can not concentrate (delusion n.错觉)
Dwindle = decrease
Dependable (反)
Dimension -- size
Disappear -- Vanish, fade, to stop existing
Dominate Rule, control, govern
Drab---- dull
"demise"--decline,
demand=need
delineate这个我可能错了,但根据上下文,及其象 trace
detrimental = harmful (detrimental:有害的)
durable=lasting
Detractor = critic (detractor n.诽谤者, 恶意批评者)
diffusion (笔试:diffuse = travel) (diffusion n传播,流传;扩散,弥漫)
distinguish = notice from the difference
Distribute = spread
devoted to——dependent on/concentrated on/related to
发明和entrepreneurial risks were devoted to the..... which has no certain profit.
distribute = spread
disturb—upset
debate——argue
decretive (adj.命令的, 法令的, 具有法令效力的)
detrimental——harmful
dispersal (n.散布, 分散, 消散, 驱散, 疏散)
daring —— bold
diffuse——travel
dispute——argument
dangle——hung hang
diversity——varied
determining--calculating(句中选)

enable-permit(文中找)
EXPLOIT-我好像错了,我选的relocate,好像应该是use.
extraneous-unusual or unessential?
encyclope encyclopaedia
evaluate-judge
entire (adj.全部的, 完整的, 整个)
engage = involve
environment = ecosystem
etch = cut
express = communicate
expressed——communicated (A. Communicated, B. increased).
特地查了一下,express有rapid的意思,expressly却没有
(some concerns about forest are expressed till early 1900. expressly 1) specially (2) rapidly,我也不知道是哪个,我选了specially
(expressly 的语境是 the few percentage of the ice expressly was made for carve ice)
(expressly adv.明白地, 清楚地; 确切地, 明显地;特(意)地; 专门地)
Emit --- Release, Send out, discharge
? = extreme
evoke=stimulate
engage=involve
exceeded = surpassed
employ=use
exceedingly ? extremely (exceedingly adv.非常地, 极度地)
endangered ( 将要绝种的) = abundant(反义词,句中选)
Enrich = enhance 选项里有 enhance/conceal/enlarge
Erratic (不稳定的,古怪的) = irregular
Even= already
Evenly = equally (evenly adv.均匀地, 平坦地 )
exhibit (n. v. 展示,陈列)= feature (展出、公开 = emphasize,display, publicize, ) (句中选)
Expanse (笔试:expand = increase)
expanse (n.宽阔的区域, 宽阔, 苍天, 膨胀扩张)(此题我考到过,是考区域之义)
Extraneous ( 无关紧要的,外来的,inessential, from outside)
expressed——communicated
express:communicate(my key) / record 其他两个不相关
exhibit—feature
exhibit (n. v. 展示,陈列)= feature (展出、公开 = emphasize, display, publicize, )(句中选)
endangered<-->abundant(反义词,句中选)
entail----involve entail: vt.使必需, 使蒙受, 使承担, 遗传给
enrich(enhance,enlarge,conceal,根据上下文有可能选conceal,我选enhance),
(Enrich vt.使富足, 使肥沃, 装饰, 加料于, 浓缩)
explored (explore v.探险, 探测, 探究)
earnest (adj.认真的, 热心的, 重要的n.真挚, 定金, 认真, 热心)
establishment——formation (establishment n.确立, 制定, 设施, 公司, 军事组织)
( formation n.形成, 构成, 编队)
enclosure——surrounding
ease (n.安逸, 安心, 不费力, 悠闲 vt.使悠闲, 使安心, 减轻, 放松 vi.减弱, 减轻, 放松, 灵活地移动)
era——period
enormous——凶暴的,巨大的
enhance ——improve or enlarge
elaborate adj.精心制作的, 详细阐述的, 精细 vt.精心制作, 详细阐述 v.详细描述
embedded——encased (embedded adj.植入的, 深入的, 内含的)
essentially adv.本质上, 本来
even——already 恰好,正当 在But, even by the end of时间...,.....
expendable——unprofitable (expendable n.消耗品, 可牺牲的,可花费的,可消耗的,不值得保存的)
expose to——subject to (expose...to 使...受到, 使...朝向...; 使...接触...)
(subject to在...条件下; 常遭...; 易受...的侵袭; 受控制; 服从...的指挥)
exert——cause (exert vt.尽(力), 施加(压力等), 努力v.发挥, 竭尽全力, 尽)

F
formidable == great
practical/predictable/great-----p*midable(practical, not very sure)?
came from a article: the American army in 1776, ----conquer pumidable difficulties----
FIBRICS 是布料 FIBER是纤维
flawless=perfect
feature = characterize
Flair 天赋, 敏锐的洞察力
Formerly == In the past
former = previous
favorable=popular
for instance=for example
fast (go without food) (not sure !!!, donot affect you adversely)
forage==feed
finding (n.发现, 发现物, 决定, [律]裁决)
flourishing——thriving
fragment——break up

gleaming: shining
graciousness
Generate 产生, 发生=
Given = particular 居然有special/particular两个选项,答案是particular, sure.
(given: adj.赠予的, 沉溺的, 特定的, 假设的)
gap(笔试:gap 缺口 , 裂口 = opening)
game——animals

hasten,
harness,
hiatus=interruption
habitat=home
hasten-accelerate
hamstrung
harsh =drastic
harness = utilize
hazard=danger / risk
hence =therefore (hence adv.因此, 从此)
harness = utilize
hazard=danger
haul (拖拉, 拖运 )= pull
Heightening (提高,升高) = increasing
hider = interfere ???? (笔试:hide = conceal)
Hub 中心=center
Hydroelectric (adj.水力 发电的 )
hider-interfere ???? (笔试:hide = conceal)
heightening——increasing
host——great number
世纪末19世纪初美国制造业的革新.其中有一题 tailors, butchers and a (host) of trades began to … )
hub——center,
hollow n.洞, 窟窿, 山谷 adj.空的, 虚伪的, 空腹的, 凹的 adv.<口>彻底vi.形成空洞vt.挖空, 弄凹
hamper——make difficulty
heed——notice
hold —— propose
hold——keep up
heighten——increase

indicating = suggesting /assuming (我选前一个)
invaluable = precious
innumerable = countless
induce: generate/determine我选的determine
imposing-?
in and of themselves-alone.
illusion ( memory/appearance/?/?)
???( throw away/give out/?/?)
in earnest = seriously
innovate = original/specific mine: original
in and of themselves (not sure)= alone
indigenous----native (in the context)
initiate =begin
innocent (adj.(~ of) 清白的, 无罪的, 天真的, 无知的)
intangible (adj.难以明了的, 无形的)
inroad (n.(突然)袭击、侵犯, 攻击(upon, on, into);[常用复]损害; 侵蚀; 花费
(into, on)
in charge of == responsible for
in earnest=seriously
"indigenous"----native (in the context),
incorporable = included(Incorporable adj.可结合的, 可包含的)
immediately = closest( 说类人猿是人类最近的进化祖先)
In and of themselves (not sure) = alone
incorporate——include
Incorporable= Included (Incorporable adj.可结合的, 可包含的 )
indemention ??? {可能是Ingemination(vt. 重申)/ indemnification(n.保护, 保障,补偿, 补偿物)} Instant = moment (adj. N. 片刻,瞬间)
Invariably = always
initiate =begin;
in spite of that : HOWEVER
immediately: closest( 说类人猿是人类最近的进化祖先)
Indemention Ingemination? Indemnification?
In quantity——in a large amount of
inauspicious——unfavorable
intimidating 威吓, 胁迫
incidental——minor point (incidental adj.附带的, 伴随的, 非主要的, 偶然的, 容易发生的n.伴随事件, (用复数)杂项、杂费)
incoherently 无条理的
illusion n.幻想
immense adj.极广大的, 无边的, <口>非常好的
ingenuity n.机灵, 独创性, 精巧, 灵活性
ingenuity—— resourcefulness (resourcefulness n.足智多谋)
ingenious adj.机灵的, 有独创性的, 精制的, 具有创造才能
inhibit ——hindered (hinder adj.后面的v.阻碍, 打扰) Control, limit,restrain
Inhabit -- Live
invade —— move into (invade vt.侵略, 侵袭, 拥挤)
invaluable——highly useful (可能是选反义词?)

Jeopardize-----threaten
jeopardy=threaten
Judge (判断,评价) = estimate
jolting ——shocking

key——significant

long and important到底选那个呢?
landscape=scenery
luxuriant=thriving( 答案还有moist)
launch = start
lack——without
linked——connected

matched: equaled/compared我选的equaled
maintain-continue
merit(v.): deserve, 另有干扰选项praise.
minutely?? carefully
(在文中选)matter,虽然简单但巨难选,我用语法分析选了句子的主语issue,还有fashion,fact等; model--form/frame (我选的form)
Mosaic == Things considered together as a pattern
motive (n.动机, 目的 adj.发动的, 运动的)
model:(1)theory (2) method 不是很确信, 我选了 theory
(model:的语境是 the rocks have different the models of origin)
mask = disguise masked= disguise/distinguish mine: disguise
原文大意是往中西部的移民 mask了往urban移民的?象
Meticulous careful
Mosaic Things considered together as a pattern
mastery的形容词形式 -expert,
matter文中issue
mask = disguise MASKED 伪装的,隐藏的,潜伏的
Milestone = significant events ( in the context) (select in whole paragraph, spend much time for this one)
milestone——significant development
Moreover—additionally
moreover=in addition( 答案还有thus)
mean --- signify (还有一选项intend)
merit (n.优点, 价值v.有益于)
monopolize form --dominate
motif--pattern (motif(艺术作品的)主题,主旨,图案,主题曲 (亦作:motive)
(pattern n.模范, 式样, 模式, 样品, 格调, 图案 vt.模仿, 仿造, 以图案装饰 vi.形成图案)
monitored——observed
magnitude——extend
minutely adv.详细地, 精密地
minutely——finely
minute ——tiny
minuscule——tiny
modification——alteration(另有clarification),
monotonous——boring

neur..具体王了,和神经有关
Neighboring---nearby,
nature——character
notwithstanding ——despite
note--record

occasion: event(my key) / reward 其他两个不相关
onfirm(M-W): a special event or ceremony : CELEBRATION
out of the question= impossible
opulence
obscure=conceal 答案有干扰选项diminish
obscured-- conceal
Outstanding Noticeable
outbreak = sudden increase(improved, upsetted, 另两个我忘了)
obscure=conceal 答案有干扰选项diminish
occasion-event
outlet 出口,出路
occasion-event
obscured- conceal
obtain ——acquire

predominantly--primarily, (exclusively is wrong.)
particular.
permenent-shot time ultimately??
preeminent-foremost
PRAGMATIC=PRACTICAL
pinnacle = highest point
professional—specialized
Prominent== noticeable
property-character
Prestige== The respect and importance a person
prey
periphery---edge
prosperous=== wealthy,
parcel out= distribute(parcel out分给, 分配)
practically (几乎,差不多) = nearly
prohibited = extremely ???
prohibitively—extremely
pare away --- remove (pare away [off]削去(边, 角, 皮等); 减少(支开等)
Pattern = match, imitate (n. 式样, 格调, 图案 vt. 根据图形模仿,仿造
Pinnacle = high point
Pledge (保证, 誓言) = Promise
premise = assumption
Premise =assume前提 v. 假设
purchase==grip vt.买, 购买 n.买, 购买
当时选了 benifit,认为是好处之意,现在想来,还是grip(抓住)更好
Principal = dominant
Principle = rule
principle (two times) 1 noun form i guess means—— rule
principal——main
proximity——closeness
procurement——obtain
Procure===obtain
procure ( 获得,取得 acquire, obtain/ 实现,完成 = bring about, effect, procure a solution)
primitive== early
pore——hole
prior ----- past
predicament=== difficult situation
predicament——serious situation
perspective, n.透视画法, 透视图, 远景, 前途, 观点, 看法, 观点, 观察
protruding——projecting
protrude = extend
punctual punctual----没有直接对应选项(carefully(my key 表示时间精确 not sure)
(punctual:精确的,准时的,点状的)
potential——possible
presumable——probably (presumable adj可能的;可推测的)
primary——dominant
previously——before
Previous = Past
pronounced——strong
pronounced--significant;
pose==present??? (pose n.姿势, 姿态v.(使...)摆好姿势, 形成, 引起, 造成vi.摆姿势, 佯装, 矫揉造作)

regulate-control<重要>
relevant--applicable.
rather than = instead of
record
remedy—cure
refine== Improve,
process===purify
reserve == save
reserved == saved
Resume === begin again
Rudimental=== basic
rare-scarce
Radical (基础的,根本的) = fundamental (radical = drastic)
Rather than = instead of
rival = competitor
ramification——consequence
redundancy
remarkable——incredible
revolutionous——quick discarding
revolutional ——quick discarding/(我选了change,回来查字典发现我错了)
revolution——dramatical change
rigorous——demanding
rigorous schedule = demanding
(rigorous 严格的,严厉的 demanding 要求高的,苛求的 如 :a demanding job )
refreshing——unusual (refreshing:提神的,新鲜宜人的,与众不同的)
relevant adj.有关的, 相应的
ritual n.典礼, (宗教)仪式, 礼节 adj.典礼的, (宗教)仪式的
rupture——burst
radical——extreme
radical——extreme (radical:根本的,激进的,极端的(extreme))
radical == fundamental (Radical :基础的,根本的,激进的)
radical = =drastic
remote——far away

Startling
share,
stint-limit ??
stint-hindered/??
stem from
scoop up =??
selected--paticular
succumb,
sole-single
singularly——particularly
a matter of speculation (思索,推测,投机)= supposition (speculation的同义词)
staggering=== Stunning
succession----series (succession n.连续, 继承, 继任, 演替, [农业] 轮栽, 连续性)
suited to-appropriate to
situation 位置, 情况, 职业 , (电影)场面
sole-only
sophisticated (文中选) complex
spike
? =striving (strive v.努力, 奋斗, 力争, 斗争)
supply
secure = obtain??? (疑为 procure ?)
scrupulous 审慎的, 完全的, careful
suited to --- appropriate to
shortage (反义词)
spontaneous = unplanned
subject to = vulnerable to
succession----series
sparse ==rare
sparse,文中着反义词 rich
scrap =fragment
set in motion = start (使 开始运转, 如 set the plan in motion)
share = proportion (proportion 比例, 均衡, 面积, 部分vt.使成比例, 使均衡, 分摊)
matter of speculation (思索,推测,投机)= supposition (speculation的同义词)
stunning = dramatically(不?定) 都在句中? (stunning: very surprising, very impressive ,另人印象深刻的;
dramatically: 有戏剧表现力的,引人注目的)
sturdy = strong
subsequent (后来的,随后的) = later
supplant = replace
Susceptible to (容易….的)== prone to
settle down
stem from --- grow out of
shift
specified : stated
silhouette =outline (silhouette n.侧面影象, 轮廓)
solicit==request
severe--harsh
sacred--holy
strict
staple--important
simultaneous == at the same time
soaked——absorbed
split——divided
scorching——exceeding hot
site——location
stay
singularly——particularly
stint 紧缩节省
slightest 最轻微的
sparingly 节俭地 (adv.节俭地, 保守地)
spur——stimulus
staggering 惊人的,巨大的
stunned——hindered
stunning=dramatically(不?定) 都在句中选 (stunning adj.足以使人晕倒的, 极好
的)
stunt v.阻碍...发育, 妨碍...生长, 作惊人表演, 使绝招 n.发育迟缓, 矮小的人(或物), 惊人表演, 绝技
sumptuous——luxurious
seek
shield——protect
shield away from——avoid
shrink < > spread(反义)
significant—— meaningful (obvious is not right)
spawn——create
spot——identify
snap——break
shied away from——avoid

type== kind
thumb (n.拇指vt.以拇指拨弄, 笨拙处理, 弄坏, 翻阅, 作搭车手势vi.用拇指翻书页)
transition---change
therefore---in that purpose
tracts (of land) = area (tract n.广阔的地面, 土地, 地方, 地域, (解剖)管道, 小册子)
?=take advantage of
tangible = material
"tangible"---physical
teasers (爱戏弄人的人)
tip 舌尖 (tip n.顶, 尖端, 梢, 倾斜, 轻击, 末端, 小费, 秘密消息
vt.在...顶端装附加物, 使倾斜, 使翻倒, 暗示, 轻击, 给, 泄露, 给小费
vi.倾斜, 翻倒, 倾覆, 踮脚走, 给小费
n.提示, 技巧)
transfer ? move
tricky (狡猾的,棘手的,difficult)
tendency==inclination
teemed with——were full of

undertaken-attempt(我回来看了webstar,应该是对的,还有remebered ,desired, denied).
unparallel: unique
undertaking—task
uneven ---- rough
Underlying = inner (underlying adj.在下面的, 隐含的 ,implicit 如 underlying meaning)
underpinning (基础, 支柱, 支撑 a support or foundation)
unqualified =complete; (不合格的,无限制的,绝对的)
utilitarian =functional (文中选) (utilitarian adj.功利的, 实利的, 功利主义的n.功利论者 )
universally——without exception
unrestricted——unlimited
undergone——experienced (undergo vt.经历, 遭受, 忍受 undergone: undergo的过去分词)
uniform

verity
variability==tendency to change
vigorous = strong (vigorous adj.精力旺盛的, 有力的, 健壮的)
vivid--bright (vivid adj.生动的, 鲜明的, 鲜艳的, 大胆的, 清晰的, 活泼的, 逼真的)
via-by the way of
vigorous = strong
vexing = difficult (not sure) (vex: 使恼怒,使痛苦, puzzle, annoy)
volatile-- (adj.飞行的, 挥发性的, 可变的, 不稳定的, 轻快的, 爆炸性的)
vast——immense (vast adj.巨大的, 辽阔的, 大量的, 巨额)
vast——great
vehicle——means (vehicle n.交通工具, 车辆, 媒介物, 传达手段)
variability==tendency to change

want
word--information;
wary——cautious
witness = observe
withstand==persist >avoid/persist? 原文是:...brick withstood the
weathering for a long time...
withstand=resist
wear——use
(wear:n.穿戴,使用穿戴的动作或穿戴的状态;使用;穿破,磨损因使用或磨损造成的逐渐损坏或减少 vt.穿, 戴 v.(~ out) 磨损, 用旧, (~ out) 穿着)
whatever ——in any case/ at any rate/at all event
wary——cautious
way station——stop (way station n.<美俚>(铁路或公共汽车线路上的)小站)

?= yet 选项还有however / in addition.
yield——provide (yield v.出产, 生长, 生产 vi.(~ to)屈服, 屈从n.产量, 收益)

作者:hymn00

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